Unlike tests, essays don’t imply a multiple-choice format (when you are given a choice of multiple answers). Writing an essay isn’t limited in time, you can rewrite it many times, ask your friends to read your essay. Take advantage of all the opportunities and try to avoid common mistakes.
From the formal rules of writing an essay, you can only name one thing – the presence of a title.
The internal structure of the essay can be arbitrary. Since this is a small form of written work, it is not necessary to repeat the conclusions at the end, they can be included in the main text or in the title.
Argumentation can precede the formulation of the problem. The formulation of the problem can coincide with the final conclusion.
Unlike the abstract, which is addressed to any reader, therefore it starts with “I want to talk about …”, and ends with “I have come to the following conclusions …”, an essay is a replica addressed to the prepared reader (listener). That is, a person who in general already represents what will be discussed. This allows the author of the essay to focus on uncovering a new one and not to clutter up the presentation with official details.
Errors in writing essays
Bad check. Don’t think that you can only check the spelling. Reread your essays and make sure that there are no ambiguous expressions, unsuccessful turns, etc. Examples that you should not “take note”: “I am proud to be able to resist the use of drugs, alcohol, tobacco” . “Working in your company (organization), located in a wonderful place, where there is a lot of Gothic architecture, will be a fascinating problem for me.”
Tired forewords. Insufficient number of parts. Too often, an interesting essay loses in what is an enumeration of statements without illustrating them with examples. The essays are characterized by the usual cliches: the importance of hard work and perseverance, learning from mistakes, and so on.
Verbosity. Essays are limited to a certain number of words, so you need to intelligently dispose of this volume. Sometimes this means giving up ideas or details, especially if they have already been mentioned somewhere or are not directly related to the case. Such things only distract the attention of the reader (listener) and obscure the main topic of the essay.
Long phrases. The longer the proposal, the better – some say so. However, this is far from the truth. Long phrases haven’t prove the author’s correctness, and short sentences often produce a greater effect. Best of all, when in an essay the long phrases alternate with short ones. Try to read the essay aloud. If you feel that you are catching your breath, break the paragraph into smaller paragraphs.
When you are done writing an essay, do this exercise. Assign each letter a letter: either S (short), or M (medium), or L (long). S – less than 10 words, M – less than 20 words, L – 20 or more words.
The correct essay has the following or similar order of letters – M S M L M S.
An incorrect essay characterizes such a sequence of letters – S S S M L L.
Don’t overload the essay. When writing an essay, discard words from encyclopedias. Incorrect use of such words distracts the attention of the reader, diminishes the importance of the essay.